1. What are the main olfactory families that underlie perfumes?
Regarding the diversity of scented compositions, the French Fragrance Committee has established a classification in 7 large families, with several subdivisions (classification applicable to both feminine and masculine aromas).
- The Citrus family - contains perfumes obtained from the fruit peel (lemon, orange, bergamot, etc.); Sporty and dynamic, energetic and voluptuous, these are the characteristics of people who adopt this family of fragrances.
- The floral family - is composed mainly of floral floral soliflore (rose, tuberose, lavender, etc.), floral bouquet, green floral, aldehyde, woody, fruity wood, etc. This family is appreciated by people with a sensitive and generous character.
- The family of ferns - contrary to the name, does not reflect the smells of these plants, but associates the wood notes with the lavender ones; For a more masculine audience who likes classical smells, full of elegance and never failing.
- The "Chypre" family - the name originates from the name of a fragrance created by Francois Coty, which combines aromas of oak, citric, floral and fruity ones; Preferred by strong, independent and voluntary personalities
- The family of wood - is predominantly destined for the male member; Use sandalwood or cedar, but also smells and vetiver: smell of forest, coniferous, amber, etc. ; For those who have the taste of adventure and provocation and who adore strong and fresh spices.
- Amber (or Oriental) family - shows warm and powdery flavors with vanilla accents; This family seduces both women and men who like captivating flavors with a mysterious and naval character.
- The "skin" family - is designed exclusively for men and evokes the smell of tobacco, smoke and skin. This sensual fox family addresses women and men who love the captivating and warm smell of vanilla, amber and dare to wear a perfume with a character.
2. What is the difference between Essence of Perfume, Eau de Perfume, Eau de Toilette and Eau de Colony?
A fragrance composition is a mixture of various raw materials that are added in specific quantities, namely perfume oil, alcohol and water. The perfume maker defines the category according to the level of concentration of the three components.
Differences are simply given by the amount or concentration of oils in the perfume. The highest concentration is in Perfume Essence (15-30%). The next would be Eau de Perfume (8-15%), then Eau de Toilette (4-8%), and eventually Eau de Colony (3-5%). Some manufacturers make a solid perfume, a solid fragrance that is as powerful as a pure perfume, but it is in the form of a gel as well as a consistency. Eau de Toilette and Eau de Colony are generally interchangeable, especially for Men fragrances. After Shave has the lowest oil concentration. The higher the concentration of oils, the more your perfume will last and you need to apply less.
3. What is the olfactory pyramid (the perfume note phasing)?
Fragrances are made up of combinations of flavors, these combinations being called notes. Top notes are very light, volatile and last only for a few minutes (5 to 10 minutes), but create the first impression that matters a lot in choosing the perfume. The middle (heart) notes will feel about 15 minutes after application and can take up to an hour or more. The base notes persist the most, even 24 hours (depending on the skin pH, the compounds used in the perfume, etc.)
4. Is it true that perfumes can influence your mood?
Yes, because the aroma acts directly on the psychological balance. The pleasant notes can improve a person's mood, and in contrast, sharp, very strong essences can induce a push and discomfort. For each of us, the fragrance "stays" differently and this will influence its later development. Each person is unique (different genes, skin pH, skin temperature, diet, vices, etc.), which makes the perfume interact differently.
5. Why do some fragrances seem to last far longer than others?
Normally, a fragrance (extract), in the most concentrated form, should take 6-8 hours, eau de toilette 3-4 hours or more. For people with dry, hydrated skin, frequent application of perfume may be required compared to natural or greasy skin whose higher hydration level allows it to retain more fragrance. Individual PH levels can also affect the persistence of a perfume.
6. How can I make the perfume persist longer?
Fragrance can last longer through refreshing during the day or by using complementary products (for women, shower gel and perfumed lotion), and for men it is also recommended to apply the after-shave conditioner.
7. How can we choose the perfect perfume?
Choosing a perfume is an important decision. Important because it will accompany the wearer through their life and because it will leave a signature or imprint, an olfactory image, behind wherever they go.
An initial selection of perfumes can be made by smelling them on paper dipsticks. It is then advisable to try the fragrance directly on the skin since the body heat releases the full olfactory dimension.
It takes time for a perfume to fully express its beauty and depth in successive stages. Sixty per cent of perfumes are chosen within the first 12 seconds of smelling them: it is the top note that the nose perceives. Three or four minutes later the perfume reveals its heart, and one hour later the final piece of the puzzle is unveiled: the bottom note that allows the wearer to understand how the perfume lives and blossoms on their skin. A perfume should therefore be tried on the skin, as that is where alchemy intervenes. The insides of wrist and elbow or on the neck behind the ears are the best places, as there the skin is warmed by the venous system. You can also spray a little perfume in a room in order to judge its tenacity and strength.
8. How and where to "use" perfume?
It is not advisable to smell a perfume on the back of the hand and even less so in the palm. Spraying perfume near jewellery should likewise be avoided since metal, particularly copper, makes the skin more acidic at the point of contact. Apart from the body zones that best allow a perfume to blossom (wrists, elbows, neck, and décolleté), it is also very pleasant to spray perfume on clothing or in the folds of a scarf or handkerchief. Some fragrances also diffuse wonderfully in furs, heavy woollen jumpers and some natural fabrics such as linen and silk.
The use of perfume is strictly for our personal choice. Fragonard products contain natural ingredients and can be applied to hair, even over the head.
9. How can I keep the perfume in good condition?
If a single fragrance is worn every day, or almost, conserving it is not a problem. The bottle should simply not be left near a source of heat or in direct sunlight. If different perfumes are worn depending on occasion, however, it is not advisable to buy them in large sizes but rather to renew them often. An opened bottle that is still full will keep its fragrances intact for a year, but once any amount of the bottle’s contents have been used, the presence of air alters the perfume and eventually spoils it.
An unopened bottle can conserve its fragrance and strength for years. The color of the perfume may change but that does not mean its fragrance has altered; the perfume continues to live since its raw materials evolve constantly.
10. How do I choose the right perfume for a gift?
The safest method would be to find out what preferred flavours has the person who you want to give the gift, so an ADDA Shop consultant can help you choose other similar perfumes or the same olfactory family. If you do not know what perfumes you prefer, try to describe the person for whom you buy the gift (personality, dress style, occupation), ask for up to 3 variants and, if you can, test them and choose which one you think they would fit.